Grinding and Clenching Malocclusion

The stomatognathic system is made up of the teeth, the temporo-mandibular joints, and the neuromuscular system. Disharmony in the system can generate headaches and other painful symptoms.

The term malocclusion describes a lack of matching between the upper (maxillary) and lower (mandibular) teeth. Imperfect occlusion of the dental arches, as well as leading to masticatory problems, can produce functional or morphological disharmony which cause symptoms in other areas of the body; for example: pain in the neck or other areas of the spinal column, muscular-tension headaches and tinnitus. The strength of these symptoms depends on the severity of the problem.

The treatment methods we use vary depending on the clinical diagnosis formulated during the specialist consultation and on the basis of instrumental examination such as MRI, ATM stratigraphy, EMG and studio models mounted in an articulator.

Often “bite-plane” treatment is suggested, an occlusal device for the treatment of cranial-mandibular dysfunction, however this is only appropriate for certain types of dysfunction. If applied improperly, as well as not helping the patient, it worsens the painful symptoms.

the Causes of Malocclusion

  • Loss of teeth without replacement
  • Severely fractured or decayed teeth, not reconstructed
  • Degeneration from rheumatoid arthritis
  • Previous incongruous prosthetic reconstruction
  • Parafunctional habits such as grinding or clenching


  • Occlusal plates
    Removable, Bite planes Orotics to recapture and stabilise the meniscus Michigan plates, etc:
  • Orthodontic treatment
  • Selective grinding
  • Prosthetic reconstruction
  • Postural treatment
  • Combination of the above

Every patient presents several anatomical, biological and psychological variables which make him/her unique; after a specialist consultation and evaluation of instrumental and radiographic data, we will be able to formulate you a personalised plan which fully answers both your needs and your expectations.